Afterlife in philosophy, religion, mythology, and fiction, the afterlife is known as the concept of a realm, in which the necessary part of an individual's identity continues to live on after the death of the body. In plato's dialogue the phaedo socrates holds that life must be lived with a view to the cultivation of the soul where a person had lived a good life, - had cultivated their soul, - they were held to merit a far more pleasant situation in an afterlife than where a person had led a bad life. Plato describes the entrance of the underworld is a gaping hole in the earth, going from one side to the other this hole is the tartarus, where waters flow in through one end and out through the other and back. The sophists' view (and use) of rhetoric is a counterfeit imitation of plato's while plato believes that rhetoric is, indeed, a type of persuasion, plato's rhetoric has a particular aim, which is the concern for the state of other's souls, in respect to contentment, virtue, happiness, and in preparation for the next life. Among these trial and death dialogues, the phaedo is unique in that it presents plato's own metaphysical, psychological, and epistemological views thus it belongs to plato's middle period rather than with his earlier works detailing socrates' conversations regarding ethics.
Hence the connections drawn between any presumed body/soul duality in plato or aristotle and the christian view of afterlife via resurrection must be faulty connections between immortality of soul and other religious views, however, are quite strong. Plato's phaedo: the spirituality of socrates sees the final hours of socrates before his execution the philosopher questions the fate of the soul. Plato argues that real knowledge of the forms in the world of the forms comes from our soul, and therefore is evidence of the existence both of an immortal soul & of an afterlife (this is explained in his evidence for the soul. Much of plato's views on the soul's immortality can be found in his republic he starts with the concept of reward and punishment, developing it into his concept of specific evils plato was a thinker of his time and therefore understands immortality in terms of reincarnation (literally to be made flesh again.
Plato and aristotle subsequently developed more complex philosophies which included spirit and matter, mind and body jewish thought shows similar development the earliest books of the bible exhibit little interest in an afterlife. Of course, we don't know what plato really believed the afterlife to be like, but it seems he was prepared to stretch the truth, as he saw it, in the interests of the state: 'it will be for the rulers of our city, then, if anyone, to use falsehood in dealing with citizen or enemy for the good of the state no one else must do so. Major views on the afterlife derive from religion, esotericism and metaphysics some belief systems, such as those in the abrahamic tradition, and plato it is. Plato's views on life after death socrates' conception of the afterlife was somewhat as muddled as plato's, during the apology he claimed he knew nothing about. You can view samples phaedo is one of the dialogues that were created by plato, the phaedo tried to depict the death of socrates who was a great philosopher.
In the egyptian view, the soul or personality, called ba, lives after the body dies ba is sometimes depicted as a human-headed bird flying out of the tomb to join with the 'ka' in the afterlife the unification of ba and ka happened after death by means of the proper offerings, prayers, and mummification. However, socrates' attribution to the soul of all and only desires, emotions and beliefs of reason (to use the republic framework) is actually quite compatible with the view that the soul is responsible for all the life-activities organisms engage in, including, of course, the desires (etc) of what in the republic framework is the non-rational. A summary of book ii in plato's the republic learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the republic and what it means they view justice. What is the jewish afterlife like the view of the afterlife held by ancient jews, the neo-platonic school based on the theories of plato (427-347 bce) and. Meditation 13 plato's proofs for the existence of gods a discussion of this meditation has been opened in debate and discourse to contribute further to the discussion, please use the contact form.
The myth of the afterlife in plato's gorgias thomas c brickhouse and nicholas d smith i introduction in plato's gorgias polus and then callicles recommend rhetoric to socrates on the ground that without skill in persuasive speech socrates will be at the mercy of anyone who might wish to drag him into court and have him put to death. Plato: the republic and even the afterlife according to this view, it is warranted to regard the republic as a work on political philosophy and as a seminal. In the dialogue, socrates discusses the nature of the afterlife on his last day before being executed by drinking hemlock plato's phaedo: an interpretation. It was plethon's student bessarion who reconciled plato with christian theology, arguing that plato's views were only ideals, unattainable due to the fall of man  by the 19th century, plato's reputation was restored, and at least on par with aristotle's.
The assumption plato makes that if life did not come from death everything would end up dead is a strange one, because this conflicts with his own views about philosophical wisdom disrupting the cycle of life and death, should not everyone end up a philosopher[3. View all showing search results for plato afterlife quotes, quotations & sayings 2018 note: these are the closest results we could find to match your search. Plato: ethics - the ring of gyges are you a decent person well, what if you suddenly gained incredible power are humans inherently selfish. Plato was a dualist, meaning that he believed that humans are composed of two elements, body and soul two seperate entities a corporeal body, and an ethereal soul- a view gilbert ryle would later attack, saying that to look for the 'body soul distinction' is in fact a linguistic mistake- saying that one has a body and a soul is much like.
This video focuses on plato's work, the phaedo, and examines the account of the afterlife which socrates presents as a likely story, a myth gregory b sadler is the president and co-founder of. While the early dialogues depict socratic philosophy, the later dialogues depict plato's own view socrates believed in immortality and afterlife most of his. Second, plato's view of the afterlife, though skewed toward the rich (who have the luxury of a life of contemplation on the forms to prepare them for the next life), is much more optimistic than the grim story told by the greek myths.